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Biokemistri
Nigerian Society for Experimental Biology
ISSN: 0795-8080
Vol. 27, No. 2, 2015, pp. 79-84
Bioline Code: bk15013
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Biokemistri, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2015, pp. 79-84

 en Hepatoprotective effects of palm oil and coconut water in the serum of Wistar rats exposed to cadmium chloride contaminated diet.
Mordi, Joseph C.; EUzuegbu, Ugochukwu; Opajobi, Adefunke O. & Ojieh, Anthony E.

Abstract

To study the hepatoprotective effects of palm oil and coconut liquor in the liver, twenty four Wistar rats were exposed to moderate level of cadmium chloride for 6 weeks. The rats were divided into four Groups of 6 rats each. Group I animals received distilled water and a diet free of CdCl2 while Group II animals were given CdCl2 contaminated diet of 50mg/kg diet. Also, Group III and IV animals were administered 3ml palm oil and 3ml coconut water respectively along side fed with a CdCl2 contaminated diet of 50mg/kg diet for the same duration. The palm oil and coconut water were given orally once daily by gavage. CdCl2 caused an elevated increase in the levels of ALT, AST and ALP which was significantly (p<0.05) different from the control and other Groups. On the contrary, palm oil and coconut water decreased ALT, AST and ALP to a significantly (p<0.05) level. There was also a drop in the protein level of the CdCl2 administered Group alone when compared with the palm oil and coconut water Groups, indicating loss of hepatocytes. In conclusion, this study reveals that palm oil and coconut liquor possess properties that can be able to ameliorate CdCl2- induced toxicity (which is dose dependent) and this supports its usage in local treatment as an antidote upon the accidental consumption of some xenobiotics.

Keywords
Cadmium chloride (CdCl2); coconut water; hepatoprotective; palm oil

 
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