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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 69, No. 2, 2009, pp. 154-159
Bioline Code: cj09018
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 69, No. 2, 2009, pp. 154-159

 en Biological activity of essential oils from leaves and fruits of pepper tree ( schinus molle l.) to control rice weevil ( sitophilus oryzae l.)
Benzi, Veronica V.; Stefanazzi, Natalia N. & Ferrero, Adriana

Abstract

Riceweevil ( Sitophilus oryzae check for this species in other resources . L.) is a primary insect pest of stored grain. The development of resistance resulted in the application of synthetic insecticides. In recent years many plant essential oils have provided potential alternatives to currently used insectcontrol agents. The Brazilian pepper tree ( Schinus molle L. var. areira check for this species in other resources (L.) DC.) (Anacardiaceae) has different biological properties such as insecticidal activity. In this study, repellent, fumigant activity, nutritional indices, and feeding deterrent action were evaluated on S. oryzae adults. Filter paper impregnation was used to test fumigant toxicity, whereas treated whole wheat was used to evaluate repellent activity and a flour disk bioassay was done to evaluate feeding deterrent action and nutritional index alteration. Leaf essential oils showed repellent effects at both concentrations (0.04 and 0.4% w/w), while fruit essential oils lacked repellent activity. Both plant oils altered nutritional indices. Fruit essential oils had a strong feeding deterrent action (62%) while leaves had a slight effect (40.6%). With respect to fumigant activity, neither of the essential oils was found to be toxic.

Keywords
Schinus molle, Sitophilus oryzae, repellency, fumigant toxicity, nutritional indices, feeding deterrence.

 
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