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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 70, No. 2, 2010, pp. 297-308
Bioline Code: cj10032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 70, No. 2, 2010, pp. 297-308

 es Avances de la tecnología de transformación del manzano para conferir resistencia a enfermedades fungosas en su cultivo: Una perspectiva chilena
Polanco, Víctor; Paredes, Mario; Becerra, Viviana & Pérez, Eduardo

Resumen

La manzana ( Malus domestica check for this species in other resources Borkh.) es una de las frutas más consumidas en el mundo. La transformación genética es un proceso clave para sustentar esta demanda, permitiendo el mejoramiento potencial de los cultivares existentes, así como el desarrollo de nuevas variedades resistentes a plagas, enfermedades y problemas de almacenamiento que se originan en las zonas de producción más importantes. Esta revisión resume los avances de la ingeniería genética aplicada al desarrollo de variedades de manzana resistentes a enfermedades fungosas, con especial atención en la generación de manzanas resistentes a Venturia inaequalis check for this species in other resources (Cooke) G.Winter, el principal problema fitosanitario que afecta a los cultivos de manzana en Chile.

Palabras-clave
manzana, enfermedades fungosas, transgénico, cisgénesis

 
 en Advances in apple transformation technology to confer resistance to fungal diseases in apple crops: A Chilean perspective
Polanco, Víctor; Paredes, Mario; Becerra, Viviana & Pérez, Eduardo

Abstract

Apple ( Malus domestica check for this species in other resources Borkh.) is one of the most consumed fruit in the world. Genetic transformation is a key process to sustain this demand by permitting the potential enhancement of existing cultivars as well as the development of new cultivars resistant to pests, diseases, and storage problems that occur in the major production areas. This review summarizes the advances of genetic engineering applied to the development of resistant apple cultivars to fungus disease, with particular attention in the generation of apples resistant to Venturia inaequalis check for this species in other resources (Cooke) G.Winter, the main phytosanitary problem that affects apple crops in Chile.

Keywords
apple, fungal disease, transgenic, cisgenesis

 
© Copyright 2010 Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research.
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