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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 70, No. 4, 2010, pp. 670-673
Bioline Code: cj10076
Full paper language: English
Document type: Note
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 70, No. 4, 2010, pp. 670-673

 es Faraón-INIA, un nuevo Triticale de Invierno (×Triticosecale Wittmack) para el Sur de Chile.
Jobet, Claudio; Matus, Iván; Campillo, Ricardo; Romero, Oriela; Madariaga, Ricardo & Alfaro, Cristian

Resumen

Faraón-INIA es un nuevo cultivar de triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) liberado por el Programa Nacional de Trigo del Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIA, Chile. Este cultivar deriva de un material F9 recibido de la empresa Nordsaat, Alemania, bajo un convenio formal firmado en el 2006 entre ambas instituciones. La cruza es Piano/Focus, y el pedigrí Nord-93.7548. Faraón-INIA tiene un hábito de desarrollo invernal y caña corta (semienano), con un promedio de altura de 106 cm. La espiga es larga, compacta, decumbente, blanca y barbada. El grano es blando, amarillo, con un peso de 100 granos de 36 g y un promedio de 76 kg hL-1 de peso del hectolitro. Es resistente a roya estriada (Puccinia striiformis West. f. sp. tritici) y roya colorada de la hoja (Puccinia triticina Erikss.) y moderadamente resistente a septoria leaf blotch. Su rendimiento promedio para cuatro temporadas varió entre 8.2 y 15.0 t ha-1 en tres localidades diferentes: Temuco (38°50´ S, 72°25´ O), Traiguén (38°45´ S, 72°38´ O) y Purranque (36°31’ S, 71°54’O), con un promedio general de 11,0 t ha-1. El análisis bromatológico de los granos mostró buen contenido de proteína (10.6%) y en general mejor calidad que otras variedades de triticale. Sobre la base de lo anterior, Faraón-INIA se recomienda para ser utilizado en la alimentación animal en el Sur de Chile.

Palabras-clave
triticale invernal, cultivar de alto rendimiento, calidad, Triticosecale.

 
 en Faraón-INIA, a new Winter Triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) for Southern Chile.
Jobet, Claudio; Matus, Iván; Campillo, Ricardo; Romero, Oriela; Madariaga, Ricardo & Alfaro, Cristian

Abstract

Faraón-INIA is a new winter triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) cultivar released by the National Wheat Program of the Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIA in Chile. It is derived from an F9 material received from Nordsaat, Germany, under a germplasm exchange agreement signed in 2006 by both institutions. The crossing was Piano/Focus with Nord 93.7548 pedigree. Faraón-INIA has a winter growth habit, a short stem (semi-dwarf), with a mean height of 106 cm. The spike is long, compact, decumbent, white, and awned. The grain is soft, yellow, with 1000-grain weight of 36 g, and a mean of hectoliter weight of 76 kg hL-1. It is resistant to stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis West. f. sp. tritici) and leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Erikss.) as well as moderately resistant to septoria leaf blotch. Its mean yield for four seasons in three different locations: Temuco (38°50´ S, 72°25´ W), Traiguén (38°45´ S, 72°38´ W), and Purranque (36°31’ S, 71°54’W) varied between 8.2 and 15.0 t ha-1 with a general mean of 11.0 t ha-1. Bromatological analysis of the grain showed good protein content (10.6%) and a generally better quality than other triticale cultivars. Based on the above information, Faraón-INIA is recommended for use as animal feed in Southern Chile.

Keywords
winter triticale, high-yielding cultivar, quality, Triticosecale.

 
© Copyright 2010 Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research.
Alternative site location: http://www.inia.cl

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