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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 72, No. 3, 2012, pp. 397-403
Bioline Code: cj12061
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2012, pp. 397-403

 en PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZERS FROM THE RHIZOSPHERE OF Piper nigrum L. IN KARNATAKA, INDIA
Seshachala, Usha & Tallapragada, Padmavathi

Abstract

Black pepper ( Piper nigrum check for this species in other resources L.) is a climbing vine known for its pungent fruit used as a spice worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the available P content in the native soils where pepper is grown as a crop plant. The native population of phosphate solubilising microbes (PSM) was studied from the rhizosphere of P. nigrum plants grown in the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India. A variety of phosphate solubilising bacteria and fungi were isolated from the rhizosphere soil samples. Phosphate solubilising capacity of different isolates was studied on Pikovskaya's medium. The isolates were tested for their phosphate solubilising capacity in vitro with three different phosphate sources, tricalcium phosphate (TCP), potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KHP), and rock phosphate (RP) in the concentrations 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 g L-1. The three phosphate sources were solubilised by the isolates in varying proportions. The dominant PSM flora obtained from the samples included Bacillus check for this species in other resources and Aspergillus check for this species in other resources . The study showed that PSM utilised the three phosphate sources TCP, KHP, and RP with considerable variability. The phosphatase activity of the isolates showed that the predominant microorganisms were Bacillus subtilis check for this species in other resources (5.33 U mL-1) and Aspergillus (11.5 U mL-1). The predominant organisms were identified up to molecular level.

Keywords
Aspergillus, Bacillus, phosphate solubilising microbes, 16s rDNA analysis

 
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