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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 74, No. 2, 2014, pp. 213-218
Bioline Code: cj14033
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 74, No. 2, 2014, pp. 213-218

 en Estimation of water requirements and Kc values of ‘Thompson Seedless’ table grapes grown in the overhead trellis system, using the Eddy covariance method
Villagra, Paulina; García de Cortázar, Víctor; Ferreyra, Raúl; Aspillaga, Cristina; Zúñiga, Carlos; Ortega-Farias, Samuel & Sellés, Gabriel

Abstract

Crop evapotranspiration (ETc) is essential for irrigation scheduling. The amount of water consumed can be estimated by multiplying the reference evapotranspiration (ET0) by a crop coefficient (Kc); the value of Kc is usually obtained from FAO Paper nr 56. In table grapes ( Vitis vinifera check for this species in other resources L.), Kc are obtained from experiments in vines trained on trellis systems; however in Chile, the most used is the overhead trellis system (parronal). Therefore, the objective was to determine water requirements and Kc values of a table grape orchard cv. Thompson Seedless trained on an overhead trellis system in Calle Larga (32º52’40” S, 70º37’45” W, 795 m a.s.l.), Aconcagua Valley, Chile, using the Eddy covariance method. During the 2008/2009 and 2009/2010 seasons, the instruments required for ET0 and ETc measurement were installed on a 4 m tower above the soil (2 m above vine canopy). The ET0 was estimated according to the FAO Penman-Monteith equation and ETc by the Eddy covariance method. The Kc was obtained by ratio between ETc and ET0. The maximum ETc was 7 mm d-1 and total water consumption was 810 mm. The season maximum Kc value of 1.2 was obtained near harvest during the first season, and 20 d before veraison in the second season. The Kc increased linearly with the percentage of intercepted solar radiation (IRS) by the vine canopy at noon, suggesting that an equation to convert the IRS to Kc is more useful than Kc tabulated according to phenology. The equation obtained in this experiment was Kc = 0.012 IRS – 0.1029, R2 = 0.85.

Keywords
Energy balance; evapotranspiration; FAO Penman-Monteith; Vitis vinifera

 
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