search
for
 About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations


Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 74, No. 3, 2014, pp. 286-292
Bioline Code: cj14042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2014, pp. 286-292

 en Ingestive behavior of grazing heifers receiving crude glycerin supplementation during the dry-rainy season transition
de Almeida, Vitor Visintin Silva; Silva, Robério Rodrigues; Visintin, Aline Cardoso Oliveira; de Queiroz, Augusto Cesar; da Silva, Fabiano Ferreira; Sampaio, Cláudia Batista; de Melo Lisboa, Mateus; Mendes, Fabrício Bacelar Lima & Lins, Tulio Otávio Jardim D’Almeida

Abstract

The search to find food alternatives for corn and feeding alternatives that reduce the cost of production has been constant. The use of oleaginous grains to produce ethanol and biodiesel has produced an excess of byproducts, especially biodiesel which produces crude glycerin. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of including crude glycerin on the ingestive behavior of crossbred heifers supplemented with pasture. Thirty-six crossbred heifers with an initial mean weight of 301.5 ± 31 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and nine replicates per treatment. The animals were kept in a Brachiaria brizantha check for this species in other resources (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf ‘Marandu’ pasture in a rotational-grazing system. The treatments tested were 0.0%, 3.33%, 6.66%, and 9.99% crude glycerin included in total DM to replace corn ( Zea mays check for this species in other resources L.) Including crude glycerin reduced the time for grazing and eating at the trough and increased idle time. Rumination was quadratically influenced. Eating time (min kg-1 DM and neutral detergent fiber [NDF]) was reduced, while rumination time (min kg-1 DM and NDF) was quadratically affected by adding glycerin. The variables, time spent per ruminated bolus and the number of chews per day, were not affected. The number of boluses per day showed a quadratic effect. The number of grazing, idle, ruminating, and eating at the trough periods were not affected by including crude glycerin; means were 15.1, 24.9, and 13.3 and 3.71 periods d-1, respectively. Feed and rumination efficiency (kg h-1 DM and NDF) increased when crude glycerin was included in the diet. Including crude glycerin promotes feed and rumination efficiency in grazing heifers.

Keywords
Brachiaria brizantha; chewing; eating; feed efficiency; rumination efficiency

 
© Copyright 2014 - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Alternative site location: http://www.inia.cl

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2017, Site last up-dated on 05-Dec-2017.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil