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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
ISSN: 0718-5820
EISSN: 0718-5839
Vol. 75, No. 3, 2015, pp. 313-319
Bioline Code: cj15042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 75, No. 3, 2015, pp. 313-319

 en Effects of Pleurotus sapidus check for this species in other resources (Schulzer) Sacc. treatment on nutrient composition and ruminal fermentability of barley straw, barley rootless, and a mixture of the two
Soto-Sánchez, Alfonso; Ramírez-Bribiesca, J. Efrén; Meneses-Mayo, Marcos; Loera-Corral, Octavio; Miranda-Romero, Luis A. & Bárcena-Gama, Ricardo

Abstract

Barley ( Hordeum vulgare check for this species in other resources L.), and its derivatives, ranks fourth in cereal production worldwide, and the Pleurotus check for this species in other resources species are among the most efficient types of lignocellulolytic white-rot fungi. The objective of this research study was to evaluate the degradation of barley straw and barley rootless with an inoculum of Pleurotus to improve their nutritional availability as a food source for ruminants. Two experiments were conducted; the first was to determine the effects of inoculation of Pleurotus sapidus check for this species in other resources (Schulzer) Sacc. (PS) in barley straw (BS), barley rootless (BR), and a 75% BS and 25% BR mixture (M). The second experiment was to evaluate the same substrates in vitro ruminal fermentation. Barley rootless had better organic matter (OM) degradability than BS after 24 h incubation with PS. The protein content in BR was higher than in BS (P < 0.01). Enzyme activities had the highest concentration from the start of fermentation, and in vitro dry matter (DM) degradability in BS and BR increased after 8 and 24 d fermentation, respectively (P < 0.05). Propionic acid concentration was enhanced after 16 d fermentation in BR (P < 0.5). The use of BS combined with BR exhibited better fermentation; this result provides relevant information for integrating BR with other substrates and improving the use of straw, which can be more nutritionally available for feeding ruminants.

Keywords
Barley; in vitro fermentation; enzyme activity

 
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