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Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Medknow Publications on behalf of the Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine
ISSN: 0972-5229
EISSN: 1998-359x
Vol. 12, No. 4, 2008, pp. 163-169
Bioline Code: cm08033
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 4, 2008, pp. 163-169

 en Noninvasive ventilation: A survey of practice patterns of its use in India
Chawla, Rajesh; Sidhu, US; Kumar, Vijai; Nagarkar, Shruti & Brochard, Laurent

Abstract

Background and Aims : To understand the practice patterns of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) use by Indian physicians.
Subjects and Methods : Around three thousand physicians from all over India were mailed a questionnaire that could capture the practice patterns of NIV use.
Results : Completed responses were received from 648 physicians (21.6%). Majority ( n = 469, 72.4%, age 40 ± 9 years, M:F 409:60) use NIV in their clinical practice. NIV was most exclusively being used in the ICU setting (68.4%) and the commonest indication for its use was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (71.4%). A significant number did not report use of a conventional ventilator for NIV support (62%). Oronasal mask was the overwhelming favorite among the sampled physicians (68.2%). In most of the cases, the treating physician initiated NIV (60.8%) and a baseline blood gas analysis was performed in only 71.1% of the cases (315/443). Nasal bridge pressure sores was the commonest complication (64.2%).
Conclusions : NIV is being widely used in clinical practice in India for various indications. COPD is the most common indication for its deployment. There seems to be a marked variability in the patterns relating to actual deployment of NIV, including the site of initiation, protocols for initiation followed, and monitoring of patients.

Keywords
Noninvasive ventilation, questionnaire-based study, survey

 
© Copyright 2008 Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.
Alternative site location: http://www.ijccm.org/

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