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Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Medknow Publications on behalf of the Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine
ISSN: 0972-5229
EISSN: 1998-359x
Vol. 14, No. 2, 2010, pp. 65-69
Bioline Code: cm10011
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2010, pp. 65-69

 en Acid-base disorders in critically ill neonates
Lekhwani, S.; Shanker, V.; Gathwala, G. & Vaswani, N. D.


Objective: To study acid-base imbalance in common pediatric diseases (such as sepsis, bronchopneumonia, diarrhea, birth-asphyxia etc.) in neonates.
Design and Setting: An observational study was conducted in an emergency room of a tertiary teaching care hospital in Haryana, India.
Patients and Methods: Fifty neonates (from first hour to one month) attending pediatric emergency services with various ailments. Blood gas analysis, electrolytes, plasma lactate, and plasma albumin were estimated in neonates.
Results: Metabolic acidosis was the most common acid-base disorder. Hyperlactatemia was observed in more than half of such cases. Birth asphyxia was another common disorder with the highest mortality in neonates followed by bronchopneumonia and sepsis. Significant correlation between mortality and critical values of lactate was observed.
Conclusion: Birth asphyxia with high-lactate levels in neonates constituted major alterations in acid-base disorders seen in an emergency room of a tertiary teaching care hospital. Plasma lactate concentration measurement provides an invaluable tool to assess type of metabolic acidosis in addition to predicting mortality in these neonates.

Blood gas analysis, metabolic acidosis, plasma lactate

© Copyright 2010 Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.
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