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Indian Journal of Cancer
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society
ISSN: 0019-509X
EISSN: 1998-4774
Vol. 42, No. 1, 2005, pp. 36-41
Bioline Code: cn05008
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Cancer, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2005, pp. 36-41

 en Clinical features and prognostic factors of early breast cancer at a major cancer center in North India
Raina Vinod, Bhutani Manisha, Bedi Rajeev, Sharma Atul, Deo Suryanarayana V., Shukla NootanK, Mohanti BidhuKalyan, Rath GouraK

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Data on the clinical profile of early breast cancer (EBC) from India is scant. Due to differences in genetics, environment, lifestyle, socio-demographic structure and ethnicity, the presentation and behavior of breast cancer in India may be different.
AIMS: To analyze the clinical presentation and outcome of EBC patients.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A single center retrospective study.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 487 EBC patients registered and treated at our institute from 1993 through 1999 were analyzed. Cox′s multivariate regression test was used to determine prognostic factors for overall and disease-free survival (OS & DFS).
RESULTS: The median age was 47 years and 49.7% patients were pre-menopausal. Ninety-six per cent patients presented with a lump. Stages I, IIa, and IIb comprised 7.8%, 38.8%, and 47.6% respectively. Only 11.3% patients opted for breast-conserving surgery (BCS) while the remaining 88.7% underwent modified radical mastectomy (MRM). Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 275 (56.5%), and radiotherapy to 146 (29.9%). Estrogen receptor status was known in 173, of whom 93 (53.7%) were positive. Most patients were prescribed Tamoxifen for 5 years. At a median follow-up of 48 months, 126 (25.9%) patients had relapsed (systemic 107, loco-regional 19) and 94 (19.3%) had died. Five-year DFS and OS were 73% and 78%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, ≥ four positive nodes adversely influenced survival (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: The median age at presentation was 47 years, significantly lower than most Western figures. The majority (86.4%) had a lump size > two cm. BCS was done in only 11% and the rest underwent MRM. Nodal involvement was the significant prognostic factor.

Keywords
Breast cancer, India, epidemiology, prognosis

 
© Copyright 2005 Indian Journal of Cancer.
Alternative site location: http://www.indianjcancer.com/

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