Variations in clinical estimates of tumor volume regression parameters and time factor during external radiotherapy in cancer cervix: Does it mimic the linear-quadratic model of cell survival?|
Datta NR, Rajkumar A, Basu R
BACKGROUND: Tumor regression parameters and time factor during external radiotherapy (EXTRT) are of paramount importance.
AIMS: To quantify the parameters of tumor regression and time factor during EXTRT in cancer cervix.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Patients, treated solely with radiotherapy and enrolled for other prospective studies having weekly tumor regressions recorded were considered.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven patients received 50Gy of EXTRT followed by intracavitary brachytherapy. Loco-regional regressions were assessed clinically and regression fraction (RF) was represented as RF = c + a1D + a2D2sub - a3T, with c, D and T as constant, cumulative EXTRT dose and treatment time respectively.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Step wise linear regression was performed for RF. Scatter plots were fitted using linear-quadratic fit. RESULTS: Coefficients of parameters D, D2sub and T were computed for various dose intervals, namely 0-20 Gy, 0-30 Gy, 0-40 Gy and 0-50 Gy. At 0-20 Gy and 0-30 Gy, only the coefficient of D2 was significant (P < 0.001), while both D2sub and T turned significant (P < 0.001) at 0-40 Gy. For the entire range of 0-50 Gy, all the coefficients of D, D2sub and T showed significance, leading to an estimate of 26 Gy for a1/a2 and 0.96 Gy/day for a3/a1.
CONCLUSIONS: As with α/β and γ/α of post-irradiation cell survival curves, a1/a2 and a3/a1 represents the cumulative effect of various radiobiological factors influencing clinical regression of tumor during the course of EXTRT. The dynamic changes in the coefficients of D, D2sub and T, indicate their relative importance during various phases of EXTRT.
Cervical cancer, Radiotherapy, Linear-quadratic, Alpha/beta, Time factor