Indian Journal of Cancer
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society
Vol. 43, No. 1, 2006, pp. 26-29
Bioline Code: cn06005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Indian Journal of Cancer, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2006, pp. 26-29
© Copyright 2006 Indian Journal of Cancer.
Squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus: A Tata Memorial Hospital experience|
Qureshi SajidS, Chaukar DevendraA, Talole SanjayD, Dcruz AnilK
Background: The optimal treatment of maxillary sinus carcinoma remains to be defined and there is a paucity of Indian studies on the subject.
Aims: To present experience of management of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus treated with curative intent at a single institution.
Settings and Design:Retrospective study of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus who presented between 1994 to 1999.
Materials and Methods:The records of 73 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus were analyzed. Sixty-two patients were evaluable. Forty patients (65%) were treated with surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy, five patients (8%) were treated with radiotherapy alone, five patients (8%) were treated with surgery alone; 12 patients (19%) received chemotherapy. Statistical analysis used: Statistical analysis was done using Kaplan-Meier method.
Results: The majority of patients presented with locally advanced disease (52, 84%); nodal involvement was observed in five patients (8%). The most common site of recurrence was at the primary site, which was observed in 28 patients (45%) and regional failures occurred in 10 (16%). The 3 and 5-year overall survival was 38% and 35% and the disease free survival was 29% and 26% respectively. The 5-year overall survival after surgery and postoperative radiotherapy was 42%.
Conclusions:The majority of patients present with advanced disease resulting in poor outcomes to conventional treatment modalities. Locoregional tumor progression remains a significant pattern of failure. New approaches such as neoadjuvant or concomitant chemoradiotherapy with aggressive surgery need to be considered and evaluated in prospective studies.
Squamous, carcinoma, maxillary sinus, surgery, radiotherapy, recurrence, results.
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