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Indian Journal of Cancer
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society
ISSN: 0019-509X
EISSN: 1998-4774
Vol. 47, No. 3, 2010, pp. 239-247
Bioline Code: cn10064
Full paper language: English
Document type: Symposium
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Cancer, Vol. 47, No. 3, 2010, pp. 239-247

 en Surgical voice restoration after total laryngectomy: An overview
Elmiyeh, B.; Dwivedi, R. C.; Jallali, N.; Chisholm, E. J.; Kazi, R.; Clarke, P. M. & Rhys-Evans, P. H.

Abstract

Total laryngectomy is potentially a debilitative surgery resulting in compromise of some of the most basic functions of life including speech and swallowing. This may have a profound adverse effect on the patient′s physical, functional, and emotional health, and may result in a decreased quality of life (QOL). Until the 1980s, total laryngectomy was regarded as a dreadful, but often, life-saving procedure for which there was little alternative, and was used as a last resort. At that time survival at any cost in terms of QOL was paramount and many laryngectomies were forced into an isolated life as a mute and dysphasic recluse. Most attempts at voice restoration produced inconsistent results and often techniques were laborious, expensive, and ineffective, particularly when carried out as a salvage procedure after failed radiotherapy. Progress in voice rehabilitation, following total laryngectomy, over the last 30 years, has made an enormous difference in the whole concept of the management of laryngeal cancers. Currently there are several options available for these patients, namely, esophageal speech, artificial larynx, and tracheoesophageal speech. The choice of speech rehabilitation varies from patient to patient, but tracheoesophageal voice has become the preferred method. This article provides a brief account of surgical voice restoration after total laryngectomy. Special emphasis has been given to the surgical technique, special considerations, complications, and the prevention / treatment of tracheoesophageal voice restoration.

Keywords
Laryngeal cancer, laryngectomy, pharyngoesophageal segment, tracheoesophageal voice, voice restoration

 
© Copyright 2010 Indian Journal of Cancer.
Alternative site location: http://www.indianjcancer.com/

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