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Indian Journal of Cancer
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society
ISSN: 0019-509X
EISSN: 1998-4774
Vol. 47, No. 3, 2010, pp. 287-291
Bioline Code: cn10070
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Cancer, Vol. 47, No. 3, 2010, pp. 287-291

 en Renal tumors presentation: Changing trends over two decades
Gupta, N. P.; Ishwar, R.; Kumar, A.; Dogra, P. N. & Seth, A.


Purpose: We have analyzed the changing trends in surgical treatment of renal tumors over the last 2 decades with regard to age incidence, presentation, incidental detection, and histopathology.
Materials and Methods:
Records of renal tumors were analyzed from January 1, 1988 to December 31, 2007. Data were split into 4 parts based on a 5-year time period, 1 for each cohort of patients: cohort 1 (1988-1992)-103 patients, cohort 2 (1993-1997)-161 patients, cohort 3 (1998-2002)-243 patients, and cohort 4 (2003-2007)-304 patients. A comparative study was performed with regard to age incidence, presentation, incidentallomas, histopathology, and management with statistical analysis.
Out of 811 renal tumors, 17.63% cases were benign and 82.37% were malignant. In the first cohort, 34.95% cases were detected in the seventh decade as compared with cohort 4 in which these were detected in the sixth (34.86%) and fifth decades (21.38%). Incidentallomas increased from 11 (10.67%) in cohort 1 to 84 (27.63%) in cohort 4 (P = 0.001). The cases of surgically treated tumors increased in number from 103 to 304 in cohort 4. Among the presenting features, incidence of weight loss, flank pain, and lump decreased while other clinical syndromes were constant. Only open radical nephrectomy was performed in the first 2 consecutive timeperiods. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was increasingly used in cohort 4 as compared with cohort 3 (121 vs 32, respectively). Similarly, open nephron sparing surgery (NSS) was increasingly used in cohort 4 as compared with cohort 3. Among the histopathologies, clear cell carcinoma was most common (73.35 %), but Fuhrman grading showed a trend toward more cases detected with grade 1 and 2 in cohort 4; 23.73% and 61.86%, respectively, as compared with 15.85% and 45.12% in cohort 1 (P = 0.001); more T1 tumors were detected (63.42% in cohort 4 as compared with 41.46% in cohort 1).
Conclusions: A majority of renal tumors presented as symptomatic tumors. Recently, tumors are being detected at an early stage and grade; in the younger patients, with an increasing trend of laparoscopic and open NSS.

Laparoscopy, nephron sparing, renal tumor

© Copyright 2010 Indian Journal of Cancer.
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