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Indian Journal of Cancer
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society
ISSN: 0019-509X
EISSN: 1998-4774
Vol. 47, No. 4, 2010, pp. 424-429
Bioline Code: cn10101
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Cancer, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2010, pp. 424-429

 en A retrospective study of 18 cases of adenoid cystic cancer at a tertiary care centre in Delhi
Sharma, K.; Rathi, A. K.; Khurana, N.; Mukherji, A.; Kumar, V.; Singh, K. & Bahadur, A. K.

Abstract

Context: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare neoplasm that usually arises from the salivary, lacrimal, or other exocrine glands. It is characteristically locally infiltrative in nature and has a tendency toward local recurrence, high propensity for perineural invasion, and prolonged clinical course.
Aim: To analyze the presentation and natural history of cases of adenoid cystic tumors of salivary glands in our institution; and to compare with the existing literature.
Design and Setting: Retrospective study at the Department of Radiotherapy.
Materials and Methods: Data on 18 patients of ACC of the salivary glands treated between 2004 and 2008 were reviewed with respect to clinical presentation, stage, and histology.
Results: There were 8 cases of major salivary gland tumors (47%), of which 2 were in the submandibular and 6 were involving the parotid. Ten patients (53%) had minor salivary gland involvement. Two patients had metastasis at the time of presentation. All patients underwent surgery. Radiotherapy was delivered to 16 patients and chemotherapy to 6 patients (concurrent, n = 3 and adjuvant, n = 3) and no adjuvant therapy was given to 2 patients. All patients were alive at a median follow-up of 3 years. No patient developed local or distant failure during the study duration.
Conclusion: ACC has locally aggressive behavior. Radiotherapy adjuvant to surgery improves local control in locally advanced disease. Longer follow-up is mandatory in view of incidence of late metastasis.

Keywords
Adenoid cystic carcinoma, natural history, salivary gland neoplasms

 
© Copyright 2010 Indian Journal of Cancer.
Alternative site location: http://www.indianjcancer.com/

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