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Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Medknow Publications on behalf of the Association of Radiation Oncologists of India (AROI)
ISSN: 0973-1482
EISSN: 1998-4138
Vol. 1, No. 2, 2005, pp. 84-91
Bioline Code: cr05018
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2005, pp. 84-91

 en Dose uniformity assessment of intraluminal brachytherapy using HDR 192Ir stepping source
Patel NarayanPrasad, Majumdar Bishnu, Hota PradeepK, Singh Dayanidhi


PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to achieve dose uniformity for intraluminal implants by assessment of dose distributions for single catheter generated by using various combinations of source stopping spacing and optimization mode.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dose distribution was generated using HDR 192Ir stepping source on single straight catheter of fixed length used for Intraluminal brachytherapy. The various combinations of source position spacing and optimization mode were used and these dose distributions were evaluated by using three different parameters. The source position spacings were 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 1.4, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.3 cm. Three different optimization modes that compute the source stopping times along the catheter were used. The parameters used for assessment of dose distributions were statistical analysis of doses to dose reference points, area under natural dose-volume histogram and the dose non-uniformity ratio.
RESULTS: None of the combinations of source position spacing and optimization mode was able to generate the desired optimum uniform dose distribution. However in a discrete manner, comparatively higher uniform dose distribution was found with short (0.2 cm) and longer (1.5 to 2.0 cm) source spacing. Optimization mode of Iterative correction was found to be suitable for the single catheter used in intraluminal brachytherapy.
Conclusion: The applicator dimension and irradiation target volume should be taken in to consideration while selecting either higher or smaller source position spacing for the single catheter intraluminal brachytherapy. The Anisotropy factor of the source has some role in the variation of the dose uniformity over the target volume.

Intraluminal brachytherapy, Treatment planning system, Dose uniformity, Optimization

© Copyright 2005 Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics.
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