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African Crop Science Journal
African Crop Science Society
ISSN: 1021-9730
EISSN: 2072-6589
Vol. 14, No. 1, 2006, pp. 17-25
Bioline Code: cs06002
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2006, pp. 17-25

 en Evaluation of Advanced Cassava Genotypes in Uganda
Ntawuruhunga, P; SSemakula, G; Ojulong, H; Bua, A; Ragama, P; Kanobe, C & Whyte, J

Abstract

In a bid to increase the number of genotypes reaching farmers, on-farm trails were conducted in 2001/2002 with the aim of increasing the number of genotypes available to farmers to be evaluated for performance, adaptation and acceptability. Twenty improved genotypes were planted in Lira, Nakasongola, Gulu, Kumi and Katakwi districts using augmented design. The results indicated that cassava mosaic disease (CMD) varied from location to location but was more influenced by the genotype than the environment. The highest SMD severity (>4) was recorded among the farmers" local varieties across all environments, followed by Alice local (3.8 ±0.4) in Nakasongola and Lira (2.8 ±0.2) districts and I 60142 (3.0 ±0.0) in Kumi and Lira (2.8 ±0.2) districts. Six clones (MM96/0245, MM96/0561,I92/2324, MM96/3585, MM96/4589 and MM96/0264) showed resistance (score 1 for CMD) while the rest had severity scores below the average (2.5). At harvest, the highest yield (60.8 ±3.7 t ha-1) was obtained from Alice local followed by clone MM96/0561 (59.5 ±6.6 t ha-1) in Nakasongola district and clone MM96/4614 (52.5 ±13.2 t ha-1) in Lira district. The lowest yield was from clone MM96/3585 (10.3 ±4.2 t ha-1) followed by Oko Iyawo (1) 99(14.2 ±4.2 t ha-1) in Kumi district. All the varieties tested were either sweet or slightly bitter with the scores of 1 or 2, respectively. Genotype MH97/2961 was the most preferred in Kumi and Lira districts, while it was third in Nakasongola district. All these genotypes also had a sweet taste for cooking. The most preferred genotypes in Nakasongola were TME 5 and MM96/5312 and had a sweet taste for cooking. The genotype by environment analysis indicated that genotypes TME 5, MM96/1419, I92/0427, and MH97/044 (2) UG were the most stable and adapted across all environments while MM96/4614 and Alice local were more specific for Lira and Nakasongola, respectively. These findings provide a basis for recommendations with regard to cultivation and preference of cassava genotypes in different environments.

Keywords
Cassava Mosaic virus disease, resistant genotypes, tuber quality, Uganda

 
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