Gene Complementarity of Resistance to the Cassava Mosaic Disease among African Cassava Accessions|
Lokko, Y; Dixon, A.G.O; Offei, S.K & Danquah, E.Y
The cassava mosaic virus disease (CMD) is the most important disease of cassava in Africa, causing severe economic losses. The genetic stock, clone 58308, has been extensively used in breeding for resistance to the disease, but recently, other sources of resistance to the disease have been identified among the landraces and could be used in breeding to diversify resistance to the disease. In this study, the progenies of 70 segregating F1 crosses of some resistant and susceptible landraces, clone 58308 and its derivatives, were evaluated in 3 environments for their reaction to CMD to determine the mode of inheritance and allelic relationships among the various resistant accessions. The results indicated a polygenic mode of inheritance, with both resistant and susceptible accession contributing effective factors towards CMD resistance in their progenies. Effective factors contributed by the susceptible parents were recessive. Among the resistant accessions, the results further showed that the genes for resistance are nonallelic and not linked. Positive transgressive segregants were also detected in several crosses. Significant differences in the mean distribution of F1 progeny disease severity scores further revealed allelic differences among the various sources of resistance. These results imply that the resistant landraces are potential new sources of resistance, which could be used in a breeding programme, together with the resistant improved clones derived from clone 58308 to diversity resistance, while developing new genotypes with enhanced resistance to CMD.
Allelism, environment, transgressive segregants