Sun flower ( Helianthus annuus
L.) is one of the important oil seed crops and potentially fit in agricultural system
and oil production sector of Pakistan. Various diseases, insects and nematodes attack damage the sunflower crop,
results a wide range of loss in production and yield. Sunflower is susceptible to diseases of various kinds. The
most serious diseases of sunflower are caused by fungi. The major diseases include rust, downy mildew, Verticillium
wilt, Sclerotinia stalk and head rot, charcoal rot, blight and leaf spot. The severity of these diseases affects
on crop yield. An account of important sunflower pests is discussed for brief understanding low yield of
sunflower crop in Pakistan.