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African Crop Science Journal
African Crop Science Society
ISSN: 1021-9730
EISSN: 2072-6589
Vol. 2, No. 2, 1994, pp. 215-220
Bioline Code: cs94032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1994, pp. 215-220

 en Impact of Aflatoxin Contamination on Groundnut Exports in Malawi
Babu, S.C; Subrahmanyam, P; Chiyembekeza, A.J & Ng'Ongola, D

Abstract

Aflatoxin contamination is a serious quality problem at various stages of groundnut production, from crop growth to transportation. This paper presents an economic analysis of the impact of aflatoxin contamination on groundnut exports and trade balance in Malawi. Export losses due to aflatoxins ranged from MK 0.16 million (=US $0.057 million) in 1988/89 to MK 1.58 million (= US $ 0.845 million) in 1985/86 with a mean of MK 0.943 million (US $ 0.586 million). The export losses in groundnut as a percentage of the trade balance ranged from 0.01% in 1988/89 to 1.77% in 1981/82. Policy implications that would minimize aflatoxin contamination in groundnut are derived based on the results of the analysis.

Keywords
Aspergillus flavus, economic analysis, peanut, seed quality, trade balance

 
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