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African Crop Science Journal
African Crop Science Society
ISSN: 1021-9730
EISSN: 2072-6589
Vol. 2, No. 4, 1994, pp. 345-353
Bioline Code: cs94046
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1994, pp. 345-353

 en Cassava Pest and Disease Management: An Overview
Herren, H.R

Abstract

The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), the Centro International de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), and many national agricultural research systems (NARS) have devoted considerable attention to cassava improvement. However, many biotic constraints still limit the expansion of this crop in many tropical areas. Host-plant resistance and biological control are the cornerstones of crop protection measures against biotic stresses on cassava ( Manihot esculenta check for this species in other resources L.). Genetic improvement has focused on African cassava mosaic disease, cassava bacterial blight and anthracnose diseases. Management of the cassava mealybug and the cassava green mite has been highly successful using parasitoids natural enemies introduced from Latin America, the original home of cassava. Sustainable plant health management (PHM) that considers the crop plant as a component of an agro-ecosystem holds promise for management of diseases and pests on cassava.

Keywords
Biological control, host-plant resistance, Manihot esculenta, plant health management

 
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