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African Crop Science Journal
African Crop Science Society
ISSN: 1021-9730
EISSN: 2072-6589
Vol. 3, No. 3, 1995, pp. 331-339
Bioline Code: cs95045
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1995, pp. 331-339

 en Biosafety Review and Environmental Assessment for the Field Release of Genetically Engineered crop Plants and Microbes in the United States1
Shantharam, S.

Abstract

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are the focal points biosafety regulations for field testing and release of genetically engineered plants in the United States. Public interest advocacy groups, environmental activist, and industry and consumer groups also play a role in the development of biosafety regulations. Before release of transgenic plants, applications are made to Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) for field testing or importation of genetically engineered organisms, after which an environmental assessment is prepared to evaluate the potential impact of the release of the transgenic organism (crop) into the environment. The first genetically engineered crop, the FLAVRSAVR variety of tomatoes, is now on market, and many more are in the pipeline to commercialization.

Keywords
APHIS, biosafety, field testing, transgenic plants, USDA

 
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