Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Medknow Publications on behalf of The Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL)
Vol. 77, No. 2, 2011, pp. 251-251
Bioline Code: dv11073
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2011, pp. 251-251
© Copyright 2011 Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology.
Unresponsive cutaneous leishmaniasis and HIV co-infection: Report of three cases|
Soni, Prasoon; Prasad, Neha; Khandelwal, Kanika; Ghiya, Bhikam C.; Mehta, Rajesh D.; Bumb, Ram A. & Salotra, Poonam
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a vector borne disease caused by various species of Leishmania parasite. CL is endemic in the Thar desert of Rajasthan state and Himachal Pradesh in India. Immune suppression caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with atypical clinical presentation of CL which responds poorly to the standard treatment and causes frequent relapses. We are reporting three cases of localized and disseminated CL due to Leishmania tropica which failed to respond to conventional intralesional/intramuscular sodium stibogluconate (SSG) injections. Initially, we did not think of HIV infection because CL is endemic in this region. When patients did not respond to SSG injections, we performed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests for HIV and they turned out to be HIV positive. Our report showed that CL is emerging as an opportunistic infection associated with HIV/AIDS and may be the first manifestation in HIV positive patients in an endemic area.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection, sodium stibogluconate, unresponsive cutaneous leishmaniasis
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