search
for
 About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News


Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Medknow Publications on behalf of The Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL)
ISSN: 0378-6323
EISSN: 0378-6323
Vol. 77, No. 2, 2011, pp. 251-251
Bioline Code: dv11073
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2011, pp. 251-251

 en Unresponsive cutaneous leishmaniasis and HIV co-infection: Report of three cases
Soni, Prasoon; Prasad, Neha; Khandelwal, Kanika; Ghiya, Bhikam C.; Mehta, Rajesh D.; Bumb, Ram A. & Salotra, Poonam

Abstract

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a vector borne disease caused by various species of Leishmania parasite. CL is endemic in the Thar desert of Rajasthan state and Himachal Pradesh in India. Immune suppression caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with atypical clinical presentation of CL which responds poorly to the standard treatment and causes frequent relapses. We are reporting three cases of localized and disseminated CL due to Leishmania tropica which failed to respond to conventional intralesional/intramuscular sodium stibogluconate (SSG) injections. Initially, we did not think of HIV infection because CL is endemic in this region. When patients did not respond to SSG injections, we performed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests for HIV and they turned out to be HIV positive. Our report showed that CL is emerging as an opportunistic infection associated with HIV/AIDS and may be the first manifestation in HIV positive patients in an endemic area.

Keywords
Human immunodeficiency virus infection, sodium stibogluconate, unresponsive cutaneous leishmaniasis

 
© Copyright 2011 Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology.
Alternative site location: http://www.ijdvl.com

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2022, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil