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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 3, No. 2, 2000, pp. 120-139
Bioline Code: ej00012
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2000, pp. 120-139

 en An international political economic view of the biotechnology industry
Pownall, Ian Edward

Abstract

This paper uses a model developed from the international political economy (IPE) school, to address the structure of the biotechnology industry. In particular, by focusing upon four primary structural elements of the industry, knowledge, production, finance and security with key secondary considerations of biosafety, public opinion and choice of intellectual property regime, the development of biotechnology companies from developed countries fits within a triad dominated industry with specific interests towards firms from developing countries. The activities of a sample of US National Association of Securities Dealers Stock Market (NASDAQ) quoted biotechnology firms are investigated to support the model which concludes by the observation of the need to include both strategic and traditionally non strategic interests when reviewing policy formulation and objectives for firms in the biotechnology industry.

Keywords
Collaboration, Competitiveness, Industrial structure, Policy, Technology transfer, Triad

 
© 2000 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
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