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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 9, No. 2, 2006, pp. 152-156
Bioline Code: ej06018
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2006, pp. 152-156

 en Recovery of lead and cadmium ions from metal-loaded biomass of wild cocoyam ( Caladium bicolor check for this species in other resources ) using acidic, basic and neutral eluent solutions
Horsfall, Michael Jnr; , E. & Akporhonor, Eyetemi E.

Abstract

The effects of acidic, basic and neutral reagents on the recovery of Pb2+ and Cd2+ from metal-loaded biomass of wild cocoyam (C. bicolor) were investigated by eluting the biomass in five successive cycles using 0.01 M HCl, 0.1 M HCl, 0.01 M NaOH, 0.1 M NaOH and distilled water at different contact times. The data showed that the ease of metal ion recovery from metal -loaded biomass by the eluent solutions is of the order 0.01 M HCl > 0.1 M HCl > 0.01 M NaOH > 0.1 M NaOH > distilled water. Over 94% Pb2+ and 74% Cd2+ of the initially adsorbed metals were recovered by 0.01 M HCl, while < 20% of both metals was recovered by basic reagent. Distilled water recovered less than 9% of both metal ions from the biomass. Macroscopic changes were also observed as the concentration of recovery reagent increased. This study has demonstrated that the selection of a recovery reagent for metal ions on a biomaterial should give consideration to the reusability of the biomass.

Keywords
cocoyam, desorption, heavy metals removal, metal recovery, water treatment.

 
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