RNA isolation from hard and woody internodal bamboo ( Bambusa balcooa
) tissue is very difficult due to the presence of secondary metabolites, polysaccharides, and polyphenolics. These compounds often co-precipitate with isolated RNA and hinder downstream applications. We have developed an efficient, cost effective and reproducible RNA isolation method from hard tissue of bamboo internode. This protocol includes an additional organic solvent refinement steps to remove endogenous phenolic compounds and acidic phenol (pH 4.2) to critically stabilize RNA in extraction buffer. In addition to these, two 2M Lithium chloride washing steps were introduced to eliminate DNA and polysaccharides contamination. The RNA isolated from the present protocol was found to be superior, when compared to total RNA extracted by other available protocols. The A260
absorption ratio of the isolated RNA was found ranging between 1.89-1.97. The integrity of 28S and 18S rRNA was highly satisfactory when analyzed in agarose denaturing gel. RNA was further used for RT PCR, northern hybridization, cDNA library and subtractive hybridization without any further refinement.