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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 14, No. 1, 2011
Bioline Code: ej11007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2011

 en Thiosulphate oxidation by Thiobacillus thioparus check for this species in other resources and Halothiobacillus neapolitanus check for this species in other resources strains isolated from the petrochemical industry
Valdebenito-Rolack, Emky H.; Araya, Tamara C.; Abarzua, Leslie E.; Ruiz-Tagle, Nathaly M.; Sossa, Katherine E.; Aroca, Germán E. & Urrutia, Homero E.

Abstract

Sulphur Oxidizing Bacteria (SOB) is a group of microorganisms widely used for the biofiltration of Total Reduced Sulphur compounds (TRS). TRS are bad smelling compounds with neurotoxic activity which are produced by different industries (cellulose, petrochemical). Thiobacillus thioparus check for this species in other resources has the capability to oxidize organic TRS, and strains of this bacterium are commonly used for TRS biofiltration technology. In this study, two thiosulphate oxidizing strains were isolated from a petrochemical plant (ENAP BioBio, Chile). They were subjected to molecular analysis by real time PCR using specific primers for T. thioparus. rDNA16S were sequenced using universal primers and their corresponding thiosulphate activities were compared with the reference strain T. thioparus ATCC 10801 in batch standard conditions. Real time PCR and 16S rDNA sequencing showed that one of the isolated strains belonged to the Thiobacillus branch. This strain degrades thiosulphate with a similar activity profile to that shown by the ATCC 10801 strain, but with less growth, making it useful in biofiltration.

Keywords
biofiltration, dimethyldisulphide, dimethylsulphide, Thiobacillus, thiosulphate.

 
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