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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 17, No. 1, 2014, pp. 50-54
Bioline Code: ej14009
Full paper language: English
Document type: Note
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2014, pp. 50-54

 en Comparison of different methods for total RNA extraction from sclerotia of Rhizoctonia solani
Shu, Canwei; Sun, Si; Chen, Jieling; Chen, Jianyi & Zhou, Erxun

Abstract

Background: Rhizoctonia solani (teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris) is one of the most important pathogens of rice (Oryza sativa L.) that causes severe yield losses in all rice-growing regions. Sclerotia, formed from the aggregation of hyphae, are important structures in the life cycles of R. solani and contain a large quantity of polysaccharides, lipids, proteins and pigments. In order to extract high-quality total RNA from the sclerotia of R. solani, five methods, including E.Z.N.A.™ Fungal RNA Kit, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)–sodium borate, SDS–polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), guanidiniumthiocyanate (GTC) andmodified Trizol, were compared in this study.
Results: The electrophoresis results showed that it failed to extract total RNA from the sclerotia usingmodified Trizol method, whereas it could extract total RNA from the sclerotia using other four methods. Further experiments confirmed that the total RNA extracted using SDS–sodium borate, SDS–PVP and E.Z.N.A.™ Fungal RNA Kit methods could be used for RT-PCR of the specific amplification of GAPDH gene fragments, and that extracted using GTC method did not fulfill the requirement for above-mentioned RT-PCR experiment.
Conclusion: It is concluded that SDS–sodium borate and SDS–PVPmethods were the better ones for the extraction of high-quality total RNA that could be used for future gene cloning and expression studies, whereas E.Z.N.A.™ Fungal RNA Kit was not taken into consideration when deal with a large quantity of samples because it is expensive and relatively low yield.

Keywords
Polyvinylpyrrolidone; Rhizoctonia solani; RT-PCR; Sclerotia; Sodium dodecyl sulfate; Total RNA extraction

 
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