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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 18, No. 1, 2015, pp. 35-39
Bioline Code: ej15007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2015, pp. 35-39

 en Development and significance of RAPD-SCAR markers for the identification of Litchi chinensis check for this species in other resources Sonn. by improved RAPD amplification and molecular cloning
Cheng, Jingliang; Long, Yan; Khan, Md. Asaduzzaman; Wei, Chunli; Fu, Shelly & Fu, Junjiang


Background: Analysis of genetic diversity is important for the authentication of a species. Litchi ( Litchi chinensis check for this species in other resources Sonn.) is a subtropical evergreen tree. Recently, L. chinensis has been characterized by an improved random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analysis. The goal of this study was to develop sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers from the improved RAPD fragments for the genetic analysis of L. chinensis.
Results: The improved RAPD fragments from L. chinensis were cloned, sequenced and converted into stable SCAR markers. Sequencing of three cloned RAPD fragments revealed that the clone L7-16 consisted of 222 nucleotides (GenBank accession number KM235222), clone L9-6 consisted of 648 nucleotides (GenBank accession number KM235223), and clone L11-26 consisted of 369 nucleotides (GenBank accession number KM235224). Then, specific primers for SCAR markers L7-16, L9-6, and L11-26 were designed and synthesized. PCR amplification was performed using DNA templates from 24 different samples, including 6 samples of L. chinensis and other plants. The SCAR marker L9-6 was specific for all of the L. chinensis samples, the SCAR marker L11-26 specific for five L. chinensis samples, and the SCAR marker L7-16 only specific for the samples from Luzhou.
Conclusions: This study developed stable SCAR markers for the identification of L. chinensis by the cloning of the improved RAPD fragments. Combining RAPD and SCAR markers provides a simple and reliable tool for the genetic characterization of plant species.

Genetic authentication; Molecular cloning; Random amplified polymorphic DNA; Sequence-characterized amplified region marker

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