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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 18, No. 1, 2015, pp. 58-60
Bioline Code: ej15011
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2015, pp. 58-60

 en Non-destructive in vitro selection of microspore-derived embryos with the fertility restorer gene for CMS Ogu-INRA in winter oilseed rape ( Brassica napus check for this species in other resources L.)
Havlíčková, Lenka; Klíma, Miroslav; Přibylová, Marie; Hilgert-Delgado, Alois Antonín; Kučera, Vratislav & Čurn, Vladislav

Abstract

Background: Microspore embryogenesis and cytoplasmicmale sterility system (CMS) are two approacheswidely exploited in Brassica napus check for this species in other resources breeding for production of homozygous doubled haploid (DH) lines and F1 hybrids respectively. Cytoplasmic male sterility system (CMS) is one of the most important pollination systems for hybrid seed production and utilisation of doubled haploid system to quickly prepare fully homozygous fertility restorer lines for CMS Ogu-INRA is very beneficial. Generally, only a small part of microspore-derived embryos is used for plant regeneration, without any knowledge about their properties. Therefore, the possibility of early detection of desirable genotypes bearing a single dominant nuclear fertility restorer (Rfo) gene, can double the success of selection and reduce the production costs.
Results: To maximize the efficiency and yield of regenerated microspore-derived embryos (MDEs) with the Rfo gene, a protocol for reliable and early, non-destructive selection of desired MDE genotypes was developed. The total amount of 636 cotyledonary embryos was tested by PCR, out of which 37% (237/636) were shown to bear the Rfo gene (instead of 50% according to the expected 1:1 segregation ratio for a single copy gene) and 218 of these fertility restorer plants were fully grown to flowering stage. New molecular marker has been demonstrated to have 100% of co-segregation with the phenotypic evaluation.
Conclusion: Technique developed in this study provides early and non-destructive sampling of embryonic tissue and the use of new markers for simple and efficient control of the presence of Rfo gene in all accessions.

Keywords
Cytoplasmic male sterility; Microspore embryogenesis; Ogura CMS; Oilseed rape; Rfo gene

 
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