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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 18, No. 4, 2015, pp. 286-290
Bioline Code: ej15046
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2015, pp. 286-290

 en Effects of aroma quality on the biotransformation of natural 2-phenylethanol produced using ascorbic acid
Tian, Xun; Ye, Rui; Wang, Jingwen; Chen, Yifei; Cai, Baoguo; Guan, Shimin; Rong, Shaofeng & Li, Qianqian

Abstract

Background: Natural 2-phenylethanol (2-PE) is an important flavoring that emits the aroma of roses. During biotransformation, the aroma quality of natural 2-PE is affected by its main by-products, which include butanol, isobutyric acid, butyric acid, and isovaleric acid. Thus, controlling undesirable by-product formation can reduce the effect of odor on 2-PE aroma quality.
Results: 2-PE was produced through biotransformation using L-phenylalanine as a substrate and glucose as a carbon source. Ascorbic acid was added to the system to improve the redox reaction and suppress the generation of by-products. Principal component analysis of the aroma quality of 2-PE was performed using an electronic nose. Similarity analysis revealed that the effects of four by-products on 2-PE aroma quality may be ranked in the following order: isovaleric acid < butyric acid < isobutyric acid < butanol. The sample that exhibited the best similarity to the standard 2-PE sample (99.19%) was the sample to which ascorbic acid had been added during glucose metabolism.
Conclusions: 2-PE produced through the addition of ascorbic acid exhibited the closest aroma similarity to the standard 2-PE sample.

Keywords
Aroma quality; Ascorbic acid; Biotransformation; By-products; 2-Phenylethanol

 
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