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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 19, No. 1, 2016, pp. 41-49
Bioline Code: ej16007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2016, pp. 41-49

 en Effect of nitrogen, carbon sources and agitation speed on acetoin production of Bacillus subtilis check for this species in other resources SF4-3
Tian, Yanjun; Fan, Yixiao; Liu, Jianjun; Zhao, Xiangying & Chen, Wei


Background: Currently, microbial fermentation method has become the research hotspot for acetoin production. In our previous work, an acetoin-producing strain, Bacillus subtilis check for this species in other resources SF4-3, was isolated from Japanese traditional fermented food natto. However, its conversion of glucose to acetoin was relatively low. In order to achieve a high-efficient accumulation of acetoin in B. subtilis SF4-3, main medium components and fermentation conditions were evaluated in this work.
Results: The by-products analysis showed that there existed reversible transformation between acetoin and 2,3-butanediol that was strictly responsible for acetoin production in B. subtilis SF4-3. The carbon sources, nitrogen sources and agitation speed were determined to play crucial role in the acetoin production. The optimal media (glucose·H2O 150 g/L, yeast extract 10 g/L, corn steep dry 5 g/L, urea 2 g/L, K2HPO4 0.5 g/L, MgSO4 0.5 g/L) were obtained. Furthermore, the low agitation speed of 300 r/min was found to be beneficial to the reversible transformation of 2,3-butanediol for acetoin production in B. subtilis SF4-3. Eventually, 48.9 g/L of acetoin and 5.5 g/L of 2,3-butanediol were obtained in a 5-L fermenter, and the specific production of acetoin was 39.12% (g/g), which accounted for 79.90% of the theoretical conversion.
Conclusions: The results indicated acetoin production of B. subtilis SF4-3 was closely related to the medium components and dissolved oxygen concentrations. It also provided a method for acetoin production via the reversible transformation of acetoin and 2,3-butanediol.

2,3-Butanediol; Acetoin; Bacillus subtilis SF4-3; Reversible transformation

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