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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 31, No. 1, 2018, pp. 17-23
Bioline Code: ej18003
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2018, pp. 17-23

 en Overexpression of CDC25C affects the cell cycle of ovarian granulosa cells from adult and young goats
Guo, Haiyan; Wang, Qiang; Li, Yongjun; Yin, Xiuyuan; Hao, Zhang & Shi, Jianfei

Abstract


Background: CDC25 is a dual-specificity phosphatase that was first identified in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe check for this species in other resources as a cell cycle-defective mutant. Although CDC25 is involved in the cell cycle of ovarian granulosa cells, the CDC25 signaling pathway has not been clarified fully. To explore the role of CDC25C in the cell cycle of goat ovarian granulosa cells, a CDC25C-overexpressing vector, pCMV-HA-CDC25C, was constructed and transfected into granulosa cells from adult and young white goats from Jiangsu Nantong. RT-PCR was used to measure CDC25C, CDK1, and WEE1 gene expression levels, and flow cytometry was used to distinguish ovarian granulosa cells in different phases of the cell cycle. Progesterone and estradiol levels in transfected ovarian granulosa cells were also measured.
Results: In adult goat follicular granulosa cells transfected with pCMV-HA-CDC25C, CDC25C expression increased significantly, which greatly increased the relative gene expression levels of both CDK1 and WEE1. Additionally, progesterone and estradiol levels were increased in goat follicular granulosa cells overexpressing CDC25C. And the cell cycle results showed that transfection of pCMV-HA-CDC25C leads to a higher proportion of cells in S phase compared to the no vector-transfected groups.
Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that the overexpression of CDC25C may increase the gene expression levels of both WEE1 and CDK1 in S phase and accelerate the transition of cells from G1 phase to S phase.

Keywords
Apoptosis; Estradiol; Fertilization; Goat ovarian granulosa cells; Livestock; Oocyte; Overexpressing vector; Progesterone; Transfection

 
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