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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 31, No. 1, 2018, pp. 34-43
Bioline Code: ej18005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2018, pp. 34-43

 en Bioelectrogenesis with microbial fuel cells (MFCs) using the microalga Chlorella vulgaris and bacterial communities
Huarachi-Olivera, Ronald; Dueñas-Gonza, Alex; Yapo-Pari, Ursulo; Vega, Patricia; Romero-Ugarte, Margiht; Tapia, Juan; Molina, Luis; Lazarte-Rivera, Antonio; Pacheco-Salazar, D.G. & Esparza, Mario

Abstract

Background: Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology is used in various applications such as wastewater treatment with the production of electrical energy. The objective of this study was to estimate the biodepuration of oils and fats, the elimination of blue dye brl and bioelectro-characterization in MFCs with Chlorella vulgaris and bacterial community.
Results: The operation of MFCs at 32 d showed an increase in bioelectrogenic activity (from 23.17 to 327.67 mW/m2) and in the potential (from 200 to 954 mV), with biodepuration of fats and oils (95%) in the microalgal cathode, and a removal of the chemical oxygen demand COD (anode, 71%, cathode, 78.6%) and the blue dye brl (73%) at the anode, here biofilms were formed by the bacterial community consisting of Actinobacteria and Deltaproteobacteria.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that MFCs with C. vulgaris and bacterial community have a simultaneous efficiency in the production of bioelectricity and bioremediation processes, becoming an important source of bioenergy in the future.

Keywords
Biodepuration; Bioelectrocharacterization; Biofilm; Chamber; Chlorophyll; Electrode; Fuel; Potential; Removal; Wastewater

 
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