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Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
ISSN: 0717-3458
Vol. 2, No. 3, 1999, pp. 99-129
Bioline Code: ej99014
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1999, pp. 99-129

 en Biological warfare, bioterrorism, biodefence and the biological and toxin weapons convention
DaSilva, Edgar J.

Abstract

Biological warfare is the intentional use of micro-organisms, and toxins, generally of microbial, plant or animal origin to produce disease and death in humans, livestock and crops. The attraction of bioweapons in war, and for use in terroristic attacks is attributed to easy access to a wide range of disease-producing biological agents, to their low production costs, to their non-detection by routine security systems, and to their easy transportation from one place to another. In addition, novel and accessible technologies give rise to proliferation of such weapons that have implications for regional and global security. In counteraction of such threats, and in securing the culture and defence of peace, the need for leadership and example in devising preventive and protective strategies has been emphasised through international consultation and co-operation. Adherence to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention reinforced by confidence-building measures sustained by use of monitoring and verification protocols, is indeed, an important and necessary step in reducing and eliminating the threats of biological warfare and bioterrorism.

Keywords
Biodefence, Biosensors, Bioterrorism, Biowarfare, Robobiology, and Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC)

 
© 1999 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
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