African Population Studies
Union for African Population Studies
Vol. 21, No. 1, 2006, pp. 1-18
Bioline Code: ep06001
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Population Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2006, pp. 1-18
© Copyright 2006 - Union for African Population Studies
Another Look at the Impact of Nigeria's Growing Population on the Country's Development
Onwuka, Emmanuel C.
This paper is a contribution to the debate about the impact of Nigeria's growing
population on the country's development. With a population that already exceeds 130 million people and
growing at roughly 3 per cent annually, a considerable proportion of the nation's resources are consumed
instead of accumulated for development purposes. In effect, the paper empirically tests the association
between population growth and economic development in Nigeria between 1980 and 2003 and found that growth
in population outweighs that of output and this has hindered the capacity of successive governments to
efficiently provide social services to the people, thereby negatively affecting development.
Our contention, therefore, is that curbs on population growth through appropriate policies that would
integrate the country's population programmers into the mainstream development efforts are necessary.
That way, higher per capita consumption of social services by the citizens would be facilitated and which
ultimately would boost their access to the benefits of development.
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