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African Population Studies
Union for African Population Studies
ISSN: 0850-5780
Vol. 29, No. 2, 2015, pp. 1734-1748
Bioline Code: ep15017
Full paper language: English
Document type: Literature Review
Document available free of charge

African Population Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2015, pp. 1734-1748

 en Ghana’s Population Policy Implementation: Past, Present and Future
Kwankye, Stephen O. & Cofie, Esther

Abstract

The effective implementation of population policies is critical in addressing development challenges particularly for developing countries. Ghana’s experience at population policy implementation spans a period over four decades. There have been successes, failures and challenges as new issues which hitherto were non-existent at the inception of the policy, emerge in the course of implementation. This paper assesses Ghana’s efforts at implementing its national population policy and brings out deep insights on lessons learnt and makes proposals for the way forward. The assessment shows that while some successes have been achieved in the area of fertility transition, increasing life expectancy at birth, etc., there are still critical challenges which are socio-cultural and political in character. Institutional structures for coordinating the implementation are undermined by poor resource in-flow from the state resulting in loss of trained human resources for effective implementation. The functional integration of population variables into development planning at the district level is consequently virtually non-existent. It is, therefore, just not enough to have a population policy as a document if the state does not attach the highest level of importance to population dynamics as a development planning priority in the country.

Keywords
Ghana; Population policy; implementation; past; present and future

 
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