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African Population Studies
Union for African Population Studies
ISSN: 0850-5780
Vol. 32, No. 2, 2018, pp. 4345-4355
Bioline Code: ep18041
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Population Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2018, pp. 4345-4355

 en Internal migration and unmet need for family planning in Cotonou, Benin Republic
Banougnin, Boladé Hamed; Adekunle, Adeyemi O.; Oladokun, Adesina & Sanni, Mouftaou Amadou


Context/Background: Evidence shows that addressing the unmet need for FP of vulnerable groups such as rural-to-urban migrants is another alternative to lowering fertility in developing countries. This study examines how migration affects unmet need in Cotonou.
Data Source and Methods: We employed multinomial logistic regression using 2012 Benin Republic Demographic and Health Survey data concerning 827 married women aged 15-49 years and residing in Cotonou.
Findings: Findings show that recent migrants were less likely to have an unmet need than non-migrants. Then, earlier migrants and non-migrants had similar odds of unmet need. After adjusting for socioeconomic variables, the risks of unmet need for spacing and limiting among recent migrants decreased and increased, respectively, by 7%. Earlier migrants became significantly less likely to have an unmet need for spacing births than non-migrants.
Conclusion: The odds of unmet need are lower among migrants than non-migrants, but complementary research on migrants’ fertility in Cotonou is necessary before any conclusion.

Migration; unmet need; family planning; Cotonou; Benin Republic

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