About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

African Journal of Food and Nutritional Security
Quest and Insight Publishers and Friends-of-the Book Foundation
ISSN: 1608-1366
Vol. 1, No. 1, 2001, pp. 35-44
Bioline Code: fn01005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Food and Nutritional Security, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2001, pp. 35-44

 en The Role of Agricultural Technology in Food and Nutritional Security in Africa
Moctar Toure and Mohamood Noor


Agriculture, the most important industry in Africa, has not provided adequate food security and economic well-being for the continent's population. Agricultural production per capita and total exports declined since the 1970s, while population and urbanization increases resulted in growing demand. This inadequate performance was largely due to:
1. poor agricultural policies and management
2. poor rural infrastructure, inadequate irrigation, and limited use of agricultural inputs
3. civil strife
4. weak regional collaboration and
5. inadequate agricultural technology generation and delivery systems.

However, Africa has the potential to achieve high productivity in agriculture. This is indicated by the high rate of return (ROR) to investment in research and extension and the recent positive response to favourable agricultural policies in a number of countries, that are beginning to enhance productivity.

To bring about sustained agricultural growth throughout sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the above-mentioned constraints must be removed by:
1. continued improvement in the agricultural policy environment
2. improvement in infrastructure (road and irrigation) and soil and water management and conservation
3. enhanced input supply and distribution systems and
4. strengthening of agricultural research and extension.

The development and utilization of profitable and environmentally-friendly technology is an essential factor for the transformation of agriculture into a modern sector. The impact of technology can be attained through the revitalization of agricultural research and extension institutions, which requires:
1. broadening the base of agricultural research clientele to actively include farmers, private-sector agents and a variety of public related stakeholders
2. adopting of a market-oriented strategic planning approach
3. improving the organisation and management to ensure accountability and transparency in planning, resource allocation and utilization, monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment
4. establishing of sustainable and consolidated programming and financing mechanisms
5. strengthening regional collaboration.

food security, agricultural production, agricultural policies, agricultural GDP, agricultural technology, rural infrastructure, irrigation, input supply, rate of return, research and extension

© Copyright Quest and Insight Publishers and Friends-of-the Book Foundation, 2001

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2023, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Google Cloud Platform, GCP, Brazil