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European Journal of General Medicine
Medical Investigations Society
ISSN: 1304-3897
Vol. 3, No. 1, 2006, pp. 1-4
Bioline Code: gm06001
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

European Journal of General Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2006, pp. 1-4

 en IMPROVEMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS WITH THE TREATMENT OF ASTHMA
Fatma Fidan, Mehmet Ünlü, Murat Sezer, Ömer Geçici, Murat Hemül

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the psychological status of patients with currently diagnosed asthma at the time of diagnosis and in the follow-up after the inhaled steroid treatment is initiated.
Methods: Patients with mild and moderate persistant asthma were accepted to the study. Patients with a previous history of psychiatric disease were excluded. Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) test was performed to currently diagnosed asthma patients. SCL-90-R test was repeated 3 and 6 months after the treatment was initiated. Evaluating the test, global severity index and symptom sub-indices (somatization, obsessive-compulsive signs, depression, anxiety, hostility, fobic anxiety, paranoid ideation and psychoticism) were obtained.
Results: Twenty five female and 5 male patients were accepted to the study. Mean age was 41.2±15.1 years. There was a significant decrease in global severity index in the 6th month according to the basal values. Significant decrease in the scores for depression, anxiety, paranoid ideation in the third month (p=0.046, p=0.047, p=0.047 respectively) and for somatization (p=0.012), obsessive-compulsive signs (p=0.037), depression (p=0.001), anxiety (p=0.003), hostility (p=0.021), paranoids ideation (p=0.003) was obtained in the 6th month according to the basal values.
Conclusion: Asthma treatment improves psychological status of the patients with bronchial asthma. This was considered to be related with the relief of the symptoms of asthma.

Keywords
Psychological status, asthma, treatment

 
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