CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF NIGERIANS WITH MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES|
Salawu, Lateef & Durosinmi, Muheez A.
Aim: Myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of haematologic disorders characterized by varying degrees of cytopenias and a propensity to leukaemic transformation. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, clinical and laboratory characteristics and the outcome of management in Nigerians with this disorder.
Methods: Ten patients who have full clinical and laboratory information were retrospectively studied. Data extracted included demographic parameters, clinical features at presentation, haematological parameters, including bone marrow cytology (and cytogenetic findings, where available), management instituted and outcome of such therapy.
Results: Ten patients with de novo MDS were managed and followed-up for a median period of 3 months. The majority (90.0%) were aged 50 years or above with a median age of 65 years. All presented with symptoms of cytopenias such as anaemia (100%), neutropenia (50.0%), and thrombocytopenia (10.0%). Patients had mainly supportive management such as blood product supports. One patient, however, in addition received growth factor and cytotoxic chemotherapy, while one received cytotoxic drugs alone. These were however not adequate due to financial constraints. Eight deaths were recorded (88.9%), either cytopenia related (five) or renal failure (three). Cause of death in one was not known as he died at home. The mean survival was 50.5 ± 96.1 weeks (range=2.1-308.4 weeks)
Conclusion: It could be concluded that though clinical and laboratory features of Nigerians with MDS are similar to what is obtained from other parts of the world, non-availability of both specific and supportive drugs, and poor socio-economic status of most patients contributed significantly to the poor outcome recorded in this report.
Myelodysplastic syndromes, Presenting features, Nigerian