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European Journal of General Medicine
Medical Investigations Society
ISSN: 1304-3897
Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 208-211
Bioline Code: gm08041
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

European Journal of General Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2008, pp. 208-211

 en Assessment Of Antioxidants And Nutritional Status Of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients In Nigeria
Moses, Akiibinu O; Emmanuel, Ogunyemi O; Ganiyu, Arinola O; Fidelis, Adenaike A & Dickson, Adegoke O

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional and antioxidant status of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Nigeria
Methods: Levels of total protein (TP), albumin (ALB.), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), and total antioxidants (TAS) were determined in thirty-one Nigerian pulmonary tuberculosis patients and thirty-four controls using Spectrophotometric methods
Results: The mean levels of TP (7.13±1.06g/dl), ALB (3.27±0.7g/dl), TC (100.7±23.6mg/dl), HDLC (28.6±7.2mg/dl), LDLC (65.5±15.1mg/dl) and TG (61.6±16.2mg/dl) were significantly lower while the level of globulin (3.9±0.84g/dl) was significantly higher in pulmonary tuberculosis patients when compared with controls (TP= 7.6±0.7g/dl; ALB= 4.2±0.48g/dl; TC = 163.2±40.1mg/dl; HDLC = 41.4±5.4mg/dl; LDLC = 107.8±27.5mg/dl; TG= 101.5±29mg/dl; globulin = 3.4±0.6g/dl respectively). Level of TAS (0.83±0.34mmol/l) was significantly lower when compared with controls (TAS= 1.65±0.26mmol/l). The significantly lower level of antioxidants observed in this study might be due to heavy load of free radicals released by the bacterial invaded macrophages.
Conclusion: The nutritional derangement and lower antioxidant status could call for prompt nutritional intervention in the management of pulmonary tuberculosis patients.

Keywords
Pulmonary tuberculosis, antioxidants, nutritional status, Nigeria

 
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