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European Journal of General Medicine
Medical Investigations Society
ISSN: 1304-3897
Vol. 6, No. 2, 2009, pp. 127-130
Bioline Code: gm09028
Full paper language: English
Document type: Case Report
Document available free of charge

European Journal of General Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2009, pp. 127-130

 en Gitelman’s Syndrome: A Hereditary Disorder Characterized by Hypokalemia and Hypomagnesaemia
Slovacek, Ladislav

Abstract

Gitelman’s syndrome is a type of hereditary tubular disorder, which is caused by inactive mutations in the gene, which encodes thiazide sensitive sodium chloride cotransporter (SLC12A3) in the distal convoluted tubule. Biochemical characteristic is comparable to effect of thiazide diuretics: hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, hypocalciuria, hypokalemic alkalosis and blood pressure is normal or lower. Gitelman’s syndrome is typically diagnosed accidentally (hypokalemia) in adolescents or adults and the course is benign. If present, the most prominent symptoms are muscular fatigue or occasional tetany. Treatment includes magnesium and potassium salts and potassium saving diuretics. We report here a case of an adult patient with Gitelman’s syndrome. The patient was a bearer of three heterozygote mutations in the gene, which encodes thiazide sensitive sodium chloride cotransporter (SLC12A3) in the distal convoluted tubule.

Keywords
Gitelman’s syndrome, hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, hereditary tubulopathy

 
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