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Indian Journal of Human Genetics
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Society of Human Genetics
ISSN: 0971-6866
EISSN: 0971-6866
Vol. 18, No. 1, 2012, pp. 95-100
Bioline Code: hg12017
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Indian Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2012, pp. 95-100

 en The effect of aging on micronuclei frequency and proliferation in human peripheral blood lymphocytes
Orta, Tuncay & Günebakan, Süreyya


Introduction: Increase in the instability of cellular genome with an increasing age is the result of an accumulation of cellular damage and mutations. This instability which might be observed as chromosome damage or chromosome losses can be measured by the micronucleus technique.
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aging and oxidative stress induced by non-toxic levels of H2O2 on micronuclei induction and their relationship to cell proliferation in human peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Materials and Methods: Healthy volunteers with different ages were choosen. Spontaneous and H2O2 induced micronuclei frequencies were measured in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 30 volunteers by the micronucleus method.
Results: Spontaneous micronuclei frequencies increased first then started to decrease after 50 years of age. This biphasic response was significantly higher than micronucleus (MN) frequencies induced by H2O2 (P < 0.05), which followed the similar shape of response to increasing ages with lower frequencies. Proliferative capacity of cells either treated with H2O2 or not did not differ with an increasing age giving similar responses.
Conclusion: These results indicate biphasic character of chromosome damage; first increase and decrease after 50 years with an increasing age. But this change pattern was not correlated with the steady state of proliferation capacity of cells through an increasing age. Decreases in H2O2 -induced MN frequencies compared to spontaneous MN frequencies may be inducing an apoptosis by H2O2 treatment leading to underscoring damaged cells.

Aging, cell kinetics, lymphocytes, micronucleus

© Copyright 2012 Indian Journal of Human Genetics.
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