About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 1606-0997
Vol. 22, No. 1, 2004, pp. 52-58
Bioline Code: hn04007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2004, pp. 52-58

 en Risk Factors for Diarrhoea and Upper Respiratory Tract Infections among Children in a Rural Area of Uganda
Mbonye, Anthony K.


This study explored risk factors associated with diarrhoea and upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) among children in Sembabule district, Uganda. Data were collected from 300 women with children aged less than two years using the WHO 30-cluster sampling technique. The prevalence of diarrhoea among children was 40.3%. A child not immunized (odds ratio [OR] 2.8, p<0.001), absence of latrine in a house (OR 1.4, p<0.03), low knowledge of mixing oral rehydration salts (OR 1.7, p<0.01), garbage thrown anywhere around the house (OR 2.6, p<0.001), not washing hands after using latrine (OR 1.8, p<0.03), and not washing hands before preparing food (OR 1.4, p<0.04) were risk factors for diarrhoea. The prevalence of URTIs among children was 37.4%. A child not immunized (OR 2.4, p<0.001), children aged 6-11 months (OR 2.1, p<0.03), and previous episode of diarrhoea (OR 2.5, p<0.001) were risk factors for URTIs. The results showed that low immunization status was an important risk factor for diarrhoea and URTIs among children in the study district of Uganda. For 75% of the children, care for fever was obtained from drug shops, while 9.2% were taken to health units. This is in contrast to diarrhoea cases where 49.5% of children were taken to health units for care. To reduce the burden of disease among children in this district, an integrated package of immunization services and other childcare programmes need to be implemented in addition to improved personal and environmental hygiene. There is also a need to design well-focused health-education messages to improve treatment-seeking behaviour for childhood diseases.

Diarrhoea; Diarrhoea; Infantile; Upper respiratory tract infections; Risk factors; Prevalence; Knowledge; attitudes; practice; Uganda

© Copyright 2004 - ICDDR,B: Centre for Health and Population Research
Alternative site location:

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2024, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Google Cloud Platform, GCP, Brazil