The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 22, No. 2, 2004, pp. 212-219
Bioline Code: hn04026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2004, pp. 212-219
© Copyright 2004 - ICDDR,B: Centre for Health and Population Research
Baseline Assessment for Addressing Acute Malnutrition by Public-health Staff in Cambodia|
Jacobs, Bart & Roberts, Emma
The objective of this study was to formulate appropriate responses by the public-health sector to
reduce acute malnutrition among children in Cambodia. A cross-sectional survey to identify wasting
together with a simple wealth-ranking exercise was conducted. Thereafter, separate focus-group discussions
were also conducted with mothers of malnourished and non-malnourished children, who
belonged to the poorest strata, to identify coping mechanisms and to assess feeding and hygiene practices.
There was no statistical correlation between wasting and socioseconomic status (df=3, p=0.06).
Reported feeding practices were poor, including not giving of colostrum, too early introduction of
weaning, low feeding frequency, and late introduction of nutritious foods. Healthcare-seeking behaviour
appeared inadequate, and hand-washing with soap was not practised. Acute malnutrition was mainly
related to these factors rather than to food insecurity. An education campaign in tandem with peercounselling
would be the most appropriate option.
Nutrition disorders; Child nutrition disorders; Wealth; Public-health sector; Food security; Health behaviour; Cross-sectional studies; Cambodia
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