Psychiatric Morbidity, Stressors, Impact, and Burden in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis|
Mullick, Mohammad S.I.; Nahar, Jhunu S. & Haq, Syed Atiqul
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic painful disorder conceivably with adverse psychological sequelae that might influence the outcome of the disease and its treatment. This study was designed to detect the presence of psychiatric disorders and associated abnormal psychosocial situations among children and adolescents with JIA and to evaluate their impact on and burden for their caregivers. Forty subjects with JIA suffering for at least one year were included in the study. Forty age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were included as controls. Clinical psychiatric assessment was carried out blindly, and psychiatric disorders and stressors on abnormal psychosocial situation were assigned on the basis of ICD-10 clinical diagnoses of multiaxial classification of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. Chronicity, distress, social impairment, and burden for others were rated with the impact supplement of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ). Of the 40 cases of JIA, 24 were boys and 16 were girls aged 10-18 years, with a mean age of 13.25 years. The frequency of psychiatric disorders was 35% in the JIA and 12.5% in the controlgroup (p <0.001). The long duration of illness was associated with a higher proportion of cases with psychiatric disorders. In the JIA group, the diagnoses in decreasing order were depressive disorder (15%), somatoform disorder (12.5%), adjustment disorder (5%), and mixed anxiety and depressive disorder (2.5%). Significantly higher stressors, perceived difficulties, distress, social impairment, and burden for caregivers were reported in the JIA group with psychiatric morbidity. The presence of psychiatric disorders was associated with substantial impairment of learning, peer relationship, and leisure activities. Early psychiatric intervention might increase the likelihood of satisfactory outcome of treatment in JIA.
Morbidity; Stressors; Impact studies; Burden of disease; Juvenile idiopathic arthritis; Bangladesh