The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Vol. 24, No. 3, 2006, pp. 277-281
Bioline Code: hn06036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2006, pp. 277-281
© Copyright 2006 - ICDDR,B: Centre for Health and Population Research
Seasonal Variation of Arsenic Concentrations in Tubewells in West Bengal, India|
Savarimuthu, Xavier; Hira-Smith, Meera M.; Yuan, Yan; von Ehrenstein, Ondine S.; Das, Subhankar; Ghosh, Nilima; Mazumder, D. N. Guha & Smith, Allan H.
This study was conducted to monitor the changes in arsenic concentration during different seasons in a one-year period during 2002-2003 in selected tubewells in an arsenic-affected area in the district of South 24 Parganas in West Bengal, India, and to map the location of the wells. Seasonal variations in concentrations of arsenic in water were measured from 74 selected tubewells, ranging in depth from 40 to 500 feet. Water samples were collected from these wells during winter, summer, monsoon, and the following winter in 2002-2003. A global positioning system was used for locating the tubewells, and a geographic information system was used for mapping. There was evidence of seasonal variation in concentrations of arsenic in water (p=0.02) with the minimum average concentration occurring in the summer season (694 μg/L) and the maximum in the monsoon season (906 μg/L). From the winter of 2002 to the winter of 2003, arsenic concentrations increased, irrespective of the depth of the tubewells, from an average of 464 μg/L to 820 μg/L (p<0.001). This extent of variation in arsenic concentration, if confirmed, has important implications for both epidemiological research and mitigation programmes.
Arsenic; Arsenic contamination; Tubewell; Seasonal variations; Water pollution; Drinking-water; Water supply; India
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