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The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition
icddr,b
ISSN: 1606-0997
EISSN: 1606-0997
Vol. 25, No. 1, 2007, pp. 94-100
Bioline Code: hn07012
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2007, pp. 94-100

 en Unavailability of Essential Obstetric Care Services in a Local Government Area of South-West Nigeria
Ijadunola, Kayode T.; Fatusi, Adesegun O.; Orji, Ernest O.; Adeyemi, Adebanjo B.; Owolabi, Olabimpe O.; Ojofeitimi, Ebenezer O.; Omideyi, Adekunbi K. & Adewuyi, Alfred A.

Abstract

This paper reports the findings at baseline in a multi-phase project that aimed at reducing maternal morta-lity in a local government area (LGA) of South-West Nigeria. The objectives were to determine the avail-ability of essential obstetric care (EOC) services in the LGA and to assess the quality of existing services. The first phase of this interventional study, which is the focus of this paper, consisted of a baseline health facility and needs assessment survey using instruments adapted from the United Nations guidelines. Twenty-one of 26 health facilities surveyed were public facilities, and five were privately owned. None of the facilities met the criteria for a basic EOC facility, while only one private facility met the criteria for a comprehensive EOC facility. Three facilities employed a nurse and/or a midwife, while unskilled health attendants manned 46% of the facilities. No health worker in the LGA had ever been trained in lifesaving skills. There was a widespread lack of basic EOC equipment and supplies. The study concluded that there were major deficiencies in the supply side of obstetric care services in the LGA, and EOC was almost non-existent. This result has implications for interventions for the reduction of maternal mortality in the LGA and in Nigeria.

Keywords
Essential obstetric care; Health services; Health facilities; Maternal mortality; Nigeria

 
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